Gudalur

Gudalur is a panchayat town and taluk in Nilgiris district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is said that Gudalur gets its name from Koodal + uru, meaning the Meeting Place.

Overview

Gudalur is a picturesque green valley on the way from Mysore to Ooty with a population of 32,605 (1991 census). It is a gateway to three states,Tamil NaduKerala and Karnataka lying equidistant from both Kerala and Karnataka. Though the history of the name has been lost, it is the place where all of the three states’ boundaries meet. Some even say the name originated as ‘Koodal'(Joining)in Tamil and ‘Ooru'(Village),and Goodal+uru as a mysterious place. As the town is located 50 km from any other nearby bigger towns, Ooty, Sulthan Bathery an Gundalpet it can very well be called as the Joining-Place or Point.

Tea plantations dot the whole region, and the regional economy is heavily dependent on the tea industry. However, this is a place rich in flora and fauna with a variety of hill crops, though lower altitude crops such as paddy and coconut also flourish here. This area was an offspring to the exploration done by the British during the pre-independence period to cultivate tea. Various large companies own tea estates in the region. From the 1960s onwards, the region saw pioneering settlers moving in from neighbouring Kerala. Later, towards the end of the 1970s, the Tamil Nadu Government also granted refuge to a large number of Sri Lankan repatriates. This considerably changed the demography of the region. Gudalur is a place where one can see people from the two states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala live together cordially.

Once upon a time, it was a paradise for newly wedded couples who married without the consent of their parents and had eloped from their homes, to find a living. In olden times it was said,Criminals also found this place a hideout from the law of the land; the history of Gudalur says that it is a land of hard workers. People from different part of India migrated to Gudalur and fought with the wild animals and with malaria and thereby reaped gold from the land. This ‘pioneering’ spirit however, had a considerable cost — the original inhabitants of the region (indigenous people) have been reduced to a state of abject poverty and subjugation on account of the outsiders.

Gudalur is the only Taluk to have an Act enacted by the Tamil Nadu State Government and is placed in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India (entry 80) which is exclusively made for the Gudalur region. That Act is Gudalur Janmam Abolition Act, 1969 (Act 24/69).

Later Gudalur Taluk was divided into two talukas: Gudalur and Pandalur. Pandalur Taluka consists of the major portion of Nelliyalam Villages and Cherangode village. It was the seat of the erstwhile Nelliyalam Ratti. Nelliyalam is a small village where you can find the remains of the fort of Nelliyalam Ratti.

Today Gudalur is a selection grade III municipality.

Gudalur lies adjacent to the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, and often wild animals such as elephants, deer, etc. stray into human habitat. However, since Gudalur is a new town, with the majority population of the region being recent settlers from Kerala and other parts, there is a very ‘local pride’ in the region, and wildlife is being fast decimated. People are all attempting to maximise their gain from the land in a short term, and so agricultural practices are unsustainable — highly dependent of pesticides and fertilisers.

Devala, a place which is just 20 km away from Gudalur, receives the highest rainfall in Tamil Nadu.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Gudalur had a population of 43,038. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Gudalur has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 68%. In Gudalur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The original inhabitants of the region were of largely four Schedule Tribes:

Paniyas: They were by far the largest of the original inhabitants, and are were largely in bonded labour to the other dominant invaders in the region.

Kattunayakans: They are a hunter-gatherer tribe, and have a very close and symbiotic relationship with the forests. They still live largely in isolation, with minimal contact with the outsiders.

Bettakurumbas: They too are a hunter-gatherer group. They are relatively better known, as they are quite famous for the skills as mahouts, and look after all the tame elephants owned by the forest department.

Mullukurumbas: They are in some ways the most advanced of all the tribes, and practice settled agriculture to some extent. All these groups are classified as Primitive Tribal Groups by the Government of India.

In addition to the Tribals (Also called ‘adivasis‘ or the first people) there were also the Moundaden Chettys living in the region.

From the 60’s onwards there has been a huge influx of outsiders, and the original inhabitants (adivasis) make up less than 8% of the population.

Tamil and Malayalam are understood by most people of the town.

Tourist attractions

  • Needle Rock View Point : (Ooshi Malai/Soochi Malai): It is 7 km on the way to Ooty. From here one can see almost every part of Gudalur and Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Gudalur town, Bandipur and parts of Mysore. On the other side, you can see parts of Kerala. You can also see a mountain popularly known as Sleeping Beauty (also called Aanakkallu) which is exactly in the shape of a sleeping woman.
  • Frog Hill View Point: The hill is in the shape of a huge frog. Frog hill view point is 9 km. from Gudalur on the way to Ooty. This hill can be seen as a gigantic frog sitting when seen from a distance. At the same time a good place to get the full view of Gudalur. The Sleeping Beauty range of mountain can also be viewed from this view point.
  • Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary : It starts 5 km from gudalur town a Tiger Reserve when you can find Tigers, Cheetahs, Deers, Elephants, Bison, the Lion Tailed Macaque, and different types of snakes ranging from King Cobra, Python etc.,
  • Numbalakottai Vimalagiri : 4 km. from Gudalur. A shrine of Vettakarappan (Lord of the hunts) with sub-shrine built in Kerala style is here. Wynad scenery is visible from here. The temple was a property of Nilambur Kovilagam and the festival is conducted once in a year by the Kovilagam trust under the guidance of the Kovilagam. The way to Nambalakottai is via Kalampuzha.
  • Kalampuzha : This is a small place located near to Gudalur Bus Stand. Kalampuzha is sweet place where people live in peace and harmony. There are two NGO’s NAVA(Adivasi Trust) and PALM2 located in this place. NAVA concentrates only in the welfare of the first peoples of Gudalur(Adivasis). PALM2 NGO is headed by Ms.Natascha Sennema from The Netherlands who dedicated herself for the PALM 2. This NGO trains people to indulge in several agricultural and Income generation activities. This NGO is different from other NGOs in its Particiaptory and holistic approach. The NGO has 2 Umbrella organisation (PLF,20 people’s Community Based Organisations (CBO) and 350 Self Help groups. Several group members were trained in Cottage industries, Tailoring, Banana chips making, Bakery and Indian savories. Ciji Varghese working in PALM2 has a great idea in Aqua Culture, Ornamental fishery and edible water fish.
  • Manvayal/Bospara : This is a small satellite town 8 km from Gudalur, and is adjacent to the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve. The people here are mainly small tea growers and are mainly engaged in agricultural activities. The ancestors of this village migrated from Thiruvithamkur and other parts of Kerala some 50 years ago. Ironically, the original name Manvayal was that of a small Kattunayakan Tribal village. “Seva Bharathi”(NGO)is indulged more than ‘two hundread’ seva works in this area.
  • Nelliyalam : 20 km. from Gudalur. A few ruins of historical Ummatur dynasty can be seen here. There are ruins of a Fort which was the seat of the erstwhile Nelliyalam Rani.
  • Ponneni : There is a Vishnu Temple where Utsavam takes place only once in 12 years. It was under the control of the Nilambur Kovilakam but it is not maintained properly after the ‘Gudalur Janmam abolishment and Conversion Act, 1969’ was passed by the Tamil Nadu State government.
  • Pandalur : Capital of Pandalur Taluka. There are many tea plantations.
  • Vimalagiri : The capital of Mothavayal panchayat. It is a fully literate village.
  • Cherangode : There is a shrine dedicated to Velankanni Matha. This is a pilgrims’ centre.
  • Cherambady : 35 km. from Gudalur. It is extreme western corner which has plantations and micamines. Sultan battery is very near.
  • Kunnalady : Kunnalady is a pilgrim centre of Malayalees as well as Tamils. It is a centre of Tea Leaves business. Bekky is nearby. The people here are mainly tea planters and life depends on the rise and fall of tea leaf value. There is a church in Kunnalady and another in Bekky. Bekky Matha Church is ancient and very famous for its feast called ‘perunnal’and the land for this church is provided by Jacob Padinjaremuriyil to Mananthavadi Diocese. There is a temple Anchmbalam in kunnalady and its ‘Utsavam’ is very famous. Ammankavu is nearby. Amman Kavu Utsavam is a time for the tribals to meet in a year.
  • Nellakotta : It is 15 km from Gudalur. A dilapidated fort is there.
  • Hanging Bridges : Located on the way to Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary. It is 7 km from Gudalur.
  • Genepool Garden : It is located at 10 km from Gudalur in a place called Nadugani. It has a variety of species from all over the world.
  • Kariyasholai : A beautiful village encircled with forest where one half cultivated tea plantation, vanilla, coffee, cardamom etc., The queen of hills has her daughter NEEDLE ROCK placed to the east top of the village which really makes the village a heavenly jorn. Chelakkunnu just one km away is a beautiful forest-cum-village of thodas, kurumaas, paniyaas etc. One can often see elephants wandering, deer rover, beautiful wild life on a stream walk at the location.
  • Devala : A small town on the way to Pandalur from Gudalur at 18th km has the second highest rainfall in India.
  • Valat Mahavishnu Temple : Its at Ambalamoola, known from the ancient and traditional palm leaf testimonials and learned astrologists who conducted “Ashtta Mangalya Deva Prasnam” in the temple that the Valat MahaVishnu Temple(Narasimhavatar) was established during the reign of Chera Kings about 1500 years ago. The Chera Administrators known as Nayakans entrusted an ancient family named Valat Tharavad to execute and carry out daily pooja and related rites without any hindrance and for which total expenditure were also met by the Nayakas. Accordingly the Valat family maintained the temple till 1975 and expressed their inconvenience to continue their execution there after for want of means and ways.
  • Cherangode Swami Malai : A tourist hill, lake, located in Pandalur-Kolappally-Ayyankolly road.
  • Velleri River : Located in Silver Jubilee road near, Ambalamoola.
  • Kusumagiri Murugan Temple : A beautiful and an old temple which has been reconstructed devoted to Lord Murugan, a GOD with a lot of faithful devotees in and around Gudalur.

Transportation Links

Gudalur is linked by road to Ooty and this is one of the Nilgiri Ghat Roads. In the other direction, the same road continues on towards Gundlupet (and on to Mysore) in Karnataka State. Another road links it to Nilambur and Sulthan Bathery in Kerala State. Gudalur is therefore on the access route to other towns in the district for goods and passengers from the state of Karnataka and some from the state of Kerala. There is a huge demand for last many years for making Kozhikkode – Manjeri – Nilambur – Ooty as National Highway.

Politics

Gudalur assembly constituency is part of Nilgiris (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

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Gudalur PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator
Monday, 30 July 2012 18:48
Gudalur is a panchayat town and taluk in Nilgiris district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is said that Gudalur gets its name from Koodal + uru, meaning the Meeting Place.

Overview

Gudalur is a picturesque green valley on the way from Mysore to Ooty with a population of 32,605 (1991 census). It is a gateway to three states,Tamil NaduKerala and Karnataka lying equidistant from both Kerala and Karnataka. Though the history of the name has been lost, it is the place where all of the three states’ boundaries meet. Some even say the name originated as ‘Koodal'(Joining)in Tamil and ‘Ooru'(Village),and Goodal+uru as a mysterious place. As the town is located 50 km from any other nearby bigger towns, Ooty, Sulthan Bathery an Gundalpet it can very well be called as the Joining-Place or Point.

Tea plantations dot the whole region, and the regional economy is heavily dependent on the tea industry. However, this is a place rich in flora and fauna with a variety of hill crops, though lower altitude crops such as paddy and coconut also flourish here. This area was an offspring to the exploration done by the British during the pre-independence period to cultivate tea. Various large companies own tea estates in the region. From the 1960s onwards, the region saw pioneering settlers moving in from neighbouring Kerala. Later, towards the end of the 1970s, the Tamil Nadu Government also granted refuge to a large number of Sri Lankan repatriates. This considerably changed the demography of the region. Gudalur is a place where one can see people from the two states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala live together cordially.

Once upon a time, it was a paradise for newly wedded couples who married without the consent of their parents and had eloped from their homes, to find a living. In olden times it was said,Criminals also found this place a hideout from the law of the land; the history of Gudalur says that it is a land of hard workers. People from different part of India migrated to Gudalur and fought with the wild animals and with malaria and thereby reaped gold from the land. This ‘pioneering’ spirit however, had a considerable cost — the original inhabitants of the region (indigenous people) have been reduced to a state of abject poverty and subjugation on account of the outsiders.

Gudalur is the only Taluk to have an Act enacted by the Tamil Nadu State Government and is placed in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India (entry 80) which is exclusively made for the Gudalur region. That Act is Gudalur Janmam Abolition Act, 1969 (Act 24/69).

Later Gudalur Taluk was divided into two talukas: Gudalur and Pandalur. Pandalur Taluka consists of the major portion of Nelliyalam Villages and Cherangode village. It was the seat of the erstwhile Nelliyalam Ratti. Nelliyalam is a small village where you can find the remains of the fort of Nelliyalam Ratti.

Today Gudalur is a selection grade III municipality.

Gudalur lies adjacent to the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, and often wild animals such as elephants, deer, etc. stray into human habitat. However, since Gudalur is a new town, with the majority population of the region being recent settlers from Kerala and other parts, there is a very ‘local pride’ in the region, and wildlife is being fast decimated. People are all attempting to maximise their gain from the land in a short term, and so agricultural practices are unsustainable — highly dependent of pesticides and fertilisers.

Devala, a place which is just 20 km away from Gudalur, receives the highest rainfall in Tamil Nadu.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Gudalur had a population of 43,038. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Gudalur has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 68%. In Gudalur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The original inhabitants of the region were of largely four Schedule Tribes:

Paniyas: They were by far the largest of the original inhabitants, and are were largely in bonded labour to the other dominant invaders in the region.

Kattunayakans: They are a hunter-gatherer tribe, and have a very close and symbiotic relationship with the forests. They still live largely in isolation, with minimal contact with the outsiders.

Bettakurumbas: They too are a hunter-gatherer group. They are relatively better known, as they are quite famous for the skills as mahouts, and look after all the tame elephants owned by the forest department.

Mullukurumbas: They are in some ways the most advanced of all the tribes, and practice settled agriculture to some extent. All these groups are classified as Primitive Tribal Groups by the Government of India.

In addition to the Tribals (Also called ‘adivasis‘ or the first people) there were also the Moundaden Chettys living in the region.

From the 60’s onwards there has been a huge influx of outsiders, and the original inhabitants (adivasis) make up less than 8% of the population.

Tamil and Malayalam are understood by most people of the town.

Tourist attractions

  • Needle Rock View Point : (Ooshi Malai/Soochi Malai): It is 7 km on the way to Ooty. From here one can see almost every part of Gudalur and Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Gudalur town, Bandipur and parts of Mysore. On the other side, you can see parts of Kerala. You can also see a mountain popularly known as Sleeping Beauty (also called Aanakkallu) which is exactly in the shape of a sleeping woman.
  • Frog Hill View Point: The hill is in the shape of a huge frog. Frog hill view point is 9 km. from Gudalur on the way to Ooty. This hill can be seen as a gigantic frog sitting when seen from a distance. At the same time a good place to get the full view of Gudalur. The Sleeping Beauty range of mountain can also be viewed from this view point.
  • Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary : It starts 5 km from gudalur town a Tiger Reserve when you can find Tigers, Cheetahs, Deers, Elephants, Bison, the Lion Tailed Macaque, and different types of snakes ranging from King Cobra, Python etc.,
  • Numbalakottai Vimalagiri : 4 km. from Gudalur. A shrine of Vettakarappan (Lord of the hunts) with sub-shrine built in Kerala style is here. Wynad scenery is visible from here. The temple was a property of Nilambur Kovilagam and the festival is conducted once in a year by the Kovilagam trust under the guidance of the Kovilagam. The way to Nambalakottai is via Kalampuzha.
  • Kalampuzha : This is a small place located near to Gudalur Bus Stand. Kalampuzha is sweet place where people live in peace and harmony. There are two NGO’s NAVA(Adivasi Trust) and PALM2 located in this place. NAVA concentrates only in the welfare of the first peoples of Gudalur(Adivasis). PALM2 NGO is headed by Ms.Natascha Sennema from The Netherlands who dedicated herself for the PALM 2. This NGO trains people to indulge in several agricultural and Income generation activities. This NGO is different from other NGOs in its Particiaptory and holistic approach. The NGO has 2 Umbrella organisation (PLF,20 people’s Community Based Organisations (CBO) and 350 Self Help groups. Several group members were trained in Cottage industries, Tailoring, Banana chips making, Bakery and Indian savories. Ciji Varghese working in PALM2 has a great idea in Aqua Culture, Ornamental fishery and edible water fish.
  • Manvayal/Bospara : This is a small satellite town 8 km from Gudalur, and is adjacent to the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve. The people here are mainly small tea growers and are mainly engaged in agricultural activities. The ancestors of this village migrated from Thiruvithamkur and other parts of Kerala some 50 years ago. Ironically, the original name Manvayal was that of a small Kattunayakan Tribal village. “Seva Bharathi”(NGO)is indulged more than ‘two hundread’ seva works in this area.
  • Nelliyalam : 20 km. from Gudalur. A few ruins of historical Ummatur dynasty can be seen here. There are ruins of a Fort which was the seat of the erstwhile Nelliyalam Rani.
  • Ponneni : There is a Vishnu Temple where Utsavam takes place only once in 12 years. It was under the control of the Nilambur Kovilakam but it is not maintained properly after the ‘Gudalur Janmam abolishment and Conversion Act, 1969’ was passed by the Tamil Nadu State government.
  • Pandalur : Capital of Pandalur Taluka. There are many tea plantations.
  • Vimalagiri : The capital of Mothavayal panchayat. It is a fully literate village.
  • Cherangode : There is a shrine dedicated to Velankanni Matha. This is a pilgrims’ centre.
  • Cherambady : 35 km. from Gudalur. It is extreme western corner which has plantations and micamines. Sultan battery is very near.
  • Kunnalady : Kunnalady is a pilgrim centre of Malayalees as well as Tamils. It is a centre of Tea Leaves business. Bekky is nearby. The people here are mainly tea planters and life depends on the rise and fall of tea leaf value. There is a church in Kunnalady and another in Bekky. Bekky Matha Church is ancient and very famous for its feast called ‘perunnal’and the land for this church is provided by Jacob Padinjaremuriyil to Mananthavadi Diocese. There is a temple Anchmbalam in kunnalady and its ‘Utsavam’ is very famous. Ammankavu is nearby. Amman Kavu Utsavam is a time for the tribals to meet in a year.
  • Nellakotta : It is 15 km from Gudalur. A dilapidated fort is there.
  • Hanging Bridges : Located on the way to Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary. It is 7 km from Gudalur.
  • Genepool Garden : It is located at 10 km from Gudalur in a place called Nadugani. It has a variety of species from all over the world.
  • Kariyasholai : A beautiful village encircled with forest where one half cultivated tea plantation, vanilla, coffee, cardamom etc., The queen of hills has her daughter NEEDLE ROCK placed to the east top of the village which really makes the village a heavenly jorn. Chelakkunnu just one km away is a beautiful forest-cum-village of thodas, kurumaas, paniyaas etc. One can often see elephants wandering, deer rover, beautiful wild life on a stream walk at the location.
  • Devala : A small town on the way to Pandalur from Gudalur at 18th km has the second highest rainfall in India.
  • Valat Mahavishnu Temple : Its at Ambalamoola, known from the ancient and traditional palm leaf testimonials and learned astrologists who conducted “Ashtta Mangalya Deva Prasnam” in the temple that the Valat MahaVishnu Temple(Narasimhavatar) was established during the reign of Chera Kings about 1500 years ago. The Chera Administrators known as Nayakans entrusted an ancient family named Valat Tharavad to execute and carry out daily pooja and related rites without any hindrance and for which total expenditure were also met by the Nayakas. Accordingly the Valat family maintained the temple till 1975 and expressed their inconvenience to continue their execution there after for want of means and ways.
  • Cherangode Swami Malai : A tourist hill, lake, located in Pandalur-Kolappally-Ayyankolly road.
  • Velleri River : Located in Silver Jubilee road near, Ambalamoola.
  • Kusumagiri Murugan Temple : A beautiful and an old temple which has been reconstructed devoted to Lord Murugan, a GOD with a lot of faithful devotees in and around Gudalur.

Transportation Links

Gudalur is linked by road to Ooty and this is one of the Nilgiri Ghat Roads. In the other direction, the same road continues on towards Gundlupet (and on to Mysore) in Karnataka State. Another road links it to Nilambur and Sulthan Bathery in Kerala State. Gudalur is therefore on the access route to other towns in the district for goods and passengers from the state of Karnataka and some from the state of Kerala. There is a huge demand for last many years for making Kozhikkode – Manjeri – Nilambur – Ooty as National Highway.

Politics

Gudalur assembly constituency is part of Nilgiris (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

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Map-Real Estate Ooty Coonoor Kotagiri ( The NILGIRIS )

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The NILGIRIS

The Nilgiri hills have a history going back a good many centuries. It is not known why they were called the Blue Mountains. Several sources cite the reason as the smoky haze enveloping the area, while other sources say it is because of the kurunji flower, which blooms every twelve years giving the slopes a bluish tinge.

It was originally tribal land and was occupied by the Todas around what is now the Ooty area, and by the Kotas around what is now the Kotagiri (Kothar Keri) area. The Badagas appeared here much later from the Mysore Plateau, the unconfirmed date being 1550. Although the Nilgiri hills are mentioned in the Ramayana of Valmiki (estimated by Western scholars to have been recorded in the second century BCE), they remained all but undiscovered by Europeans until 1602. This was when the first European set foot into the jungles. A Portuguese priest going by the name of Ferreiri resolved to explore the hills and succeeded. He came upon a community of people calling themselves the “Toda.” This priest seems to have been the only European to have explored this area. The Europeans in India more or less seem to have ignored the ghats for some two hundred or more years.

It was only around the beginning of the 1800s that the English unsuccessfully considered surveying this area. Around 1810 or so the East India Company decided to delve into the jungles here. An Englishman Francis Buchanan made a failed expedition. John Sullivan who was then the Collector of Coimbatore, just south of the Nilgiris, sent two surveyors to make a comprehensive study of the hills. They went as far as the lower level of Ooty, but failed to see the complete valley. The two men were Keys and Macmohan (their first names seem to be lost to the annals of history) and their mission was significant because they were the first Englishmen to set foot in the Nilgiri hills which soon led to the complete opening up of the area.

The original discovery however, is attributed to J.C. Whish and N.W. Kindersley, working for the Madras Civil Service, who made a journey in 1819 and who reported back to their superiors that they had discovered “the existence of a tableland possessing a European climate.”

The first European resident of the hills was John Sullivan, the Collector of Coimbatore, who went up the same year and built himself a home. He also reported to the Madras Government the appropriateness of the climate; Europeans soon started settling down here or using the valley for summer stays. The complete valley became a summer resort. Later on the practice of moving the government to the hills during summer months also started. By the end of the 19th century, the Nilgiri hills were completely accessible with the laying of roads and the railway line.

Country
: India
State
: Tamil Nadu
District
Subdistrict(s)
: UdhagamandalamCoonoor, Kundah, Kotagiri, Gudalur, Pandalur
Headquarters
: Udhagamandalam
Largest city
: Udhagamandalam
Legislature
: (seats) elected (3)
Population
: 762141[1] (2001[update])
Official languages
: Tamil
Climate :
Precipitation
: 3,520.8 mm (138.6 in)
Temperature
: -6 °C (21 °F)
Summer
: 6 °C (43 °F)
Winter
: -12 °C (10 °F)

Trusted real estate company in Nilgiris:

With hundreds of thousands of visitors every month, realestatenilgiris.com is the Nilgiris leading real estate agency website. Renowned for its innovative approach to showcasing properties, this website plays a pivotal role in the professional marketing of your property.

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Kotagiri

Kotagiri which showers one of the best climate next to Switzerland is situated at a distance of about 28 km east of Ooty, at an altitude of 1950 m and it is one of the three hill stations of the Nilgiris.Kotagiri is surrounded by dense Shola forests and splendid green lush of tea estates.Kotagiri is a perfect holiday escape and is steeped in colonial nostalgia thus attracting a lot of tourists. In earlier days it used to be the summer resort of the British. Kotagiri is bestowed with a temperate climate. It happens to be one of the oldest and largest hill stations in southern India. It is also one of the important centre for tea industry next only to Coonoor.Kotagiri also takes the pride of being first place in the hills to which road was made from Sirumugai via Dena in the year 1819.

HISTORY:Kotagiri was earlier known as ‘Kota-Keri’ which literally means the street or lines of the house of the Kotas. Kotagiri is mainly accommodated by members of the Kota tribes who still follow their customs and live as artisans showcasing their talent in baking, terracotta and pottery. These houses were used by the British as a summer resort after which the kota tribes shifted their settlement to Aggal hamlet in 1911. Now the town is fast becoming commercial with the latest advent technologies.

ORIENTATION :The hill resort of Kotagiri is located in the famous Nilgiri Hills.Kotagiri is located at 11°26N 76°53E / 11.43°N 76.88°E.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:Kotagiri because of its mild temperature all round the year, it can be visited at any time.

FESTIVALS:There is a temple dedicated to Kamataraya deity and the annual festival which falls on Arudra Darshan day is of great importance to all the Kotas.Also the thaipoosam festival which falls in the month of February is celebrated with great pomp in the Elk Hill Murugan Temple.

Population 29184
Summer Max. 25°C, Min. 10°C
Winter Max. 21°C, Min. 5°C
Rainfall 121cms
Best Season April to June and September to November
Languages Badaga, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi, and English
Clothing Heavy Woolen in winter/ Light Woolen in summer
Time 5.30 GMT
STD Code 04266
ISD Code +91

KODANAAD VIEW POINT:The Kodanaad View point is perched on the eastern most edge of the Nilgiri’s at a distance of about 18 km east of Kotagiri and at an altitude of about 6500ft.You can get a beautiful view of the green carpeted paddy fields of Tengumarahaada village lying below.Apart from this you get breathtaking views of the Moyar and Bhavani rivers and the Mysore Plateau. This place is also referred as the Terminus Country.

ELK FALLS:Elk Falls is situated close to the Uyilathi village at a distance of about 7 km from Kotagiri.Though this waterfall comes in full gush only in the rainy season it is worth visiting this place to get the view of the Echoing Valley of Kookal.The other attractions here include the first European house built in 1819 by collector Sullivan at the Kannerimukku village which now remains as ruins. You can also have a close look into the lives of the tribal people by exploring the Badaga settlement, on the road to the falls.

St.CATHERIAN’S FALLS:It is 8 km from kotagiri on the Mettupalyam road. This double-cascaded Falls is the second highest in the district (250 ft) and it waters from the upper stream of the kallar river crossed by the invisible Mettupalyam-Ooty road beyond the mountains in the south-west. From this point of view Dolphin’s Nose of Coonoor is also seen across the mighty gap in the hills. It presents a lovely view of the tea gardens and forests and woodlands.

LONGWOOD SHOLA:The Longwood shola is also otherwise known as the Dodda Shola by the local people of Kotagiri and is 3kms away from the town. Longwood shola is one of the major water resources in Kotagiri for more than 15 villages in the Aravenu area. In this area of the Western Ghats one can get to see the stunted evergreen vegetation or the shola forests and this plays a major role in Kotagiri’s microclimate. This is an ideal place for trekking and for bird watchers. Longwood Shola is also noted for Indian giant squirrel, bonnet macaque, barking deer, Nilgiri Marten and Indian bison.

BIKKAPATHI RESERVE:Bikkapathi Reserve about 10 kms from Kotagiri is under the control of the Forest Range Officer of Kattabettu at Kotagiri.This reserve is an ideal place to trek but only on prior permission.

RANGASWAMY PILLAR AND ROCK:Rangaswamy Pillar or the peak is considered very sacred by a particular tribal community named Irulas of Kotagiri and is at a distance of about 20kms from the same. The Rangaswamy roch which is about 400 metres high is literally a nightmare for the rock climbers. This is a very adventurous place which should never be missed in Kotagiri.

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Coonoor

Coonoor with its undulating hilly topography, coffee plantation, spice estates and small hamlets attract tourists in hordes especially in the sweltering heat of the summer. Some of the important facts and figures about Coonoor are listed in this page. Nilgiri Hills,Coonoor, Coonoor hill station, Coonoor Tourism, History of Coonoor, Visit Coonoor, Coonoor tour, Coonoor Hotels Perched in the undulating Nilgiri hills, it is located at a height of 1,800 meters above the mean sea level. The verdant green surroundings and its exquisite range of wild flowers and birds make this place a paradise for nature lovers and also the adventure seekers.

There is another thing worth mentioning about Coonoor and this refers to its sprawling tea plantations. In fact the whole mountainous region here smell of sweet tea leaves.
Any travel guide in Coonoor will tell you that bird watching would be the best thing to do in Coonoor since it also features an exotic range of birds such as cormorants, pipits, thrushes, parakeets, skylarks and Nilgiri verditer. Just don’t miss out the exciting toy train ride here as rail network here connects Coonoor with the rest of the hill stations of Coonoor.

History:For centuries, the Nilgiri hills have been the abode of Toda tribe. This magnificent hill spot was discovered by the British in the 19th century and they made it a popular summer retreat. They built their bungalows here and used to spend their vacations in Coonoor. Earlier, the rail network was only upto Mettupalayam from Chennai. Due to the endeavors of the British government, the railway line was constructed here in the year 1897 and since then has been a major source of transportation as well as entertainment here..

Best Season, Climate, and Clothing:Climate wise Coonoor remains pleasant throughout the year. The summers last from April to June and are mild and winters are very cold lasting from November to February. The ideal time to make a trip to Coonoor is from October to March. For the clothing, cottons would be best for the summers and light woolens would just be fine for the winters.

There are many interesting places to visit in Coonoor and the tourists are surely going to have a good time being here.

Area 15.05sq.km
Population 50,079
Summer Max. 25°C, Min. 10°C
Winter Max. 21°C, Min. 5°C
Rainfall 121cms
Best Season April to June and September to November
Languages Badaga, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi, and English
Clothing Heavy Woolen in winter/ Light Woolen in summer
Time 5.30 GMT
STD Code 0423
ISD Code +91

Sim’s Park: The park is situated in a deep ravine on the Northern side of Coonoor Railway Station at an elevation of 1768 to 1798 mts. The park can be divided into eight major sections. The natural shola with winding footpaths all over the higher slopes of the park is the most distinctive and picturesque feature of this park. This apart a number of individual tree specimens planted in a scattered fashion all over the place, lend a special charm to the park, specially when they bloom in different seasons throughout the year.

Pasteur Institute:Located opposite to the Sim’s Park, this institute was established in 1907. It is a famous Institute doing research on Rabbies and giving effective treatment to persons bitten by a rabid animals. One of the most important projects of this Institute is the manufacture of Polio Vaccine.

Pomological Station:This is one of the three experimental fruit gardens in the Nilgris maintained by the Horticultural Department. The other two are Burliar and Kallar on the Coonoor – Mettupalayam ghat road. Apples, Plums, Peaches, Persinments, Lemons, Apricots and Pomogranates are grown here for the purpose of research. Surplus fruits and fruit based jams are sold to the public.

Silk Rearing Station:Adjoining the Pasteur Institute there is a Silk Rearing Station maintained by the Central Silk Board. The Sericultural experts at this station may be contacted for special assistance.

Laws Falls:The Place is a beautiful picnic spot, situated at Coonoor-Mettupalayam Road at the distance of 7 Kms from Coonoor. The height of the falls is about 180 feet. There are vast stretches of undisturbed sholas and it is a paradise for Naturalists.

Lamb’s Rock:It is 8 Kms from Coonoor on the way to Dolphin’s Nose. It commands a grand view of the Coimbatore Plains. It is a favourite place for tourists.

Lady Caninng’s Seat:From Coonoor it is 9 Kms. It is marked by a small house and commands panoramic view of the tea estates and the plains.

Dolphin’s Nose:The view point is 10 Kms from the town. The Nose is a unique rock of tremendous proportions which looks like a Dolphin.

The Droog:This is also a picnic spot which is used by Tippu Sultan as an outpost. It is 15 Kms from Coonoor and stands 6000 feet high overlooking the plains. Three kilometers of trekking has to be done to reach the point.

Masinagudi:Masinagudi is 35 kms from Ooty and 18 kms from Coonoor. The drive beyond Masinagudi entails 35 hairpin bends and though these are very enjoyable drives, the trouble is, everyone else seems to think so too. Watch out therefore for maniacs coming tearing down from the opposite side. Masinagudi used to be an elephant corridor. So don’t be too surprised if you do see some wild tuskers on the road. Apart from the scenic beauty of the road, the drive through Masinagudi is charming in itself.

The road between Ooty and Coonor is quite forested with hills looming in the distance. Again, there are blind turns and you have to be very careful around the corners. There are a number of fabulous treks in Masinagudi. For refreshments, there are a number of delightful little tea and coffee shacks at Masinagudi.

Trusted real estate company in Nilgiris Coonoor:

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Ooty

Ooty is known as the queen of hills in South India. Known for its fascinating scenic beauty, excellent climate, tea plantations, fruit orchards, exotic ambience, placid lakes and lofty mountains, the hill resort attracts tourist from all over the world. The beautiful hill resort is cuddled in a natural arena formed by Snowdown hill, Elk hill, Doddabetta and Club hill. The best thing about Ooty is its fantastic climate, which makes it an ideal summer vacation site. Touristplacesinindia.com has all the information you need about Ooty tourism.

Ooty is located about 535 kilometers from Chennai, 89 kilometers from Coimbatore, 155 kilometers from Mysore and 2812 kilometers from Kochi. Situated at an altitude of 2623 meters, Ooty covers approximately 36 square kilometers. The total population of Ooty is about 81763.

Area 36 Sq. Kms
Population 87,763
Altitude 2,240 meters.
Summer Max. 25°C, Min. 10°C
Winter Max. 21°C, Min. 5°C
Rainfall 121cms
Best Season April to June and September to November
Languages Badaga, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi, and English
Clothing Heavy Woolen in winter/ Light Woolen in summer
Time 5.30 GMT
STD Code 0423
ISD Code +91

Botanical garden: The place is home to some rare species of cactus, pteridophytes and succulents. The garden forms an excellent picnic spot.

Thread garden: The place has an amazing collection of flowers. The amazing fact about these flowers is that they are made of thread.

Arronmore Palace: Built by the king of Jothpore, this palace is grandeur personified.

Awnandale palace: it was built by the king of Jothpore.

Kalhatty water falls: the place is an ideal place for mountain trekking.

Ketti valley: The valley is the second largest in the world.

Climate and Clothing:The climate is best during the summers. Winters are quite cold. Cotton clothing and light woolens are required during the summers while heavy woolens are a must during the winters. The most favorable climate to visit Ooty is during the month of April, June, September, October and November.

Trusted real estate company in Nilgiris Ooty:

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